12 Dec – During the protests and counter-protests that marked the 10-year anniversary of the Cronulla race riot on Saturday, riot squad officers clashed with anti-racism protesters numbering in the hundreds, and managed to corral them at the southern end of Cronulla beach.
The memorial barbeque for the riot attracted about 50 people.
Many of the anti-racism protesters dressed in black, with faces covered and appeared to be members of Antifa, the self-appointed enemies of the far-right.
Antifa members carrying red, black flags emblazoned with the words Antifaschistische Aktion clashed with anti-Islam protesters and abused police using megaphones.
Antifa, or anti-fascists, are a loose collection of socialists and anarchists, anti-racists and small-l liberals.
Antifaschistische Aktion is the name of a paramilitary German communist organisation that was dissolved in 1933 by the Nazis and resurfaced in the 1980s in Europe as a response to resurgent right-wing groups.
Today Antifa groups are transnational, and part of the ultra-left common at the protests that often mark G20 and other global leader summits.
In Australia, members or self-professed members of the group have become an increasingly common sight at rallies organised to oppose the far-right protests held by groups like the United Patriots Front and Reclaim Australia.
Members of Antifa in Australia have deliberately remained anonymous.